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Funding for Davis Schools

What is the district’s financial situation?

Revenue/Expenditure Comparison

The district receives money for students from the state and federal governments and from local sources. Passage of Proposition 30 in November 2012 significantly improved the financial health of Davis schools and public schools throughout California. However, funding has not fully been restored to 2007-08 levels and California schools remain well below the national average in per pupil spending.

How does California’s investment in public education compare with that of other states? (EdSource)

How do we pay for California schools?

How much money does the district receive?

How much have parcel taxes, fundraising and federal stimulus funds helped?

How much money does the district spend?

If the district regularly spends more money on ongoing expenses than it receives, the budget has a structural deficit. If deficit spending continues, the district may not be able to pay all its bills in the future.

In recent the years, the district has had a structural deficit, using reserves and one-time funding to avoid program cuts. With new funding from the state, the Board has given direction to reverse the trend of deficit spending.

If the Board does not act to keep the district financially secure, the state can assume control of the district and make necessary reductions.

Would you like to see the Board’s policies, including BP 3100: Budget?

What are the state’s and the county's roles in the district’s budget process? (PDF, 13.8MB)

Would you like to see the Board’s meeting agendas? To find budget updates, type “budget” in the search bar.

Would you like to see DJUSD enrollment over time?

How much money does the district receive?

Federal Local Other State Revenue Limit

Move your mouse pointer over areas of the chart to see detailed descriptions of each item.

DJUSD expects to receive $69,817,356 in general operating revenue for the 2013-14 fiscal year.

Projected DJUSD Revenues for 2013-14 (As of Mar 2014)

Projected $ Amount % of Total Fund Description
General Fund     This is the chief operating fund, accounting for the ordinary operations of the school district. All transactions except those required or permitted by law to be in another fund are accounted for in this fund.
LCFF/Revenue Limit $48,746,484 63.7% Allocated to the school district based upon the number of students and the amount of time each spends in school.
Other State Revenue $3,793,057 5.0% Allocated to the district to provide special services for students. The state has given school districts temporary flexibility to reallocate some of these previously restricted funds for general operating expenses. State lottery funds are included in this category.
Local Revenue $14,190,166 18.5% Education funding from the community through voter approved parcel taxes, donations and miscellaneous sources.
Federal Revenue $3,087,649 4.0% Allocated to districts to provide special services for students but in 2008-09 and 2009-10, this category also includes federal stimulus funds received under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act.
Subtotal General Fund $69,817,356 91.2%  
Other Funds      
Charter Schools $4,181,458 5.5% Accounts for the activities of the DaVinci Charter Academy not reported in the General Fund.
Adult Education $345,428 0.5% Accounts for federal, state, and local revenues for adult education programs.
Child Development $294,165 0.4% Accounts for federal, state, and local revenues to operate child development programs.
Cafeteria $1,426,358 1.9% Accounts for federal, state, and local resources to operate the food service program.
Deferred Maintenance $2,000 0.0% Accounts for state apportionments and the school district's contributions for maintenance including: major repair or replacement of plumbing, heating, air-conditioning, electrical, roofing, and floor systems; exterior and interior painting of school buildings. State has rolled apportionment into the General Fund LCFF revenue. Funded solely by local control decisions to make fund transfers from LCFF revenue.
Capital Facilities $474,200 0.6% Accounts for fees levied on developers as a condition of approving a development.
Building Funds $19,175 0.0% Accounts primarily for proceeds from the sale of bonds and may not be used for purposes other than those for which the bonds were issued.
Self Insurance $6,712 0.0% Accounts separately for moneys received for self-insurance activities such as health and welfare, and deductible property loss.
Foundation Trust Fund $1,000 0.0% Accounts for local donation funded student scholarships.
Total All Funds $76,567,852 100%  

Would you like to see the complete DJUSD Adopted Budget Report

How does district revenue change by year?

Revenue By Year
Special Programs Special Programs Special Programs Special Programs Special Programs Special Programs Other Local Revenue Other Local Revenue Other Local Revenue Other Local Revenue Other Local Revenue Other Local Revenue Donations & Grants Donations & Grants Donations & Grants Donations & Grants Donations & Grants Donations & Grants Measure E Measure E Measure E Measure C Measure C Measure C Measure C Measure A Measure A Measure A Measure W Measure W Measure W Measure Q Measure Q Measure Q Special Education Special Education Special Education Special Education Special Education Special Education Categorical Funding Categorical Funding Categorical Funding Categorical Funding Categorical Funding Categorical Funding Charter School Per Student Charter School Per Student Charter School Per Student Charter School Per Student Charter School Per Student Charter School Per Student Per Student Funding Per Student Funding Per Student Funding Per Student Funding Per Student Funding Per Student Funding

Move your mouse pointer over areas of the chart to see detailed descriptions of each item.

District General Fund and Charter School Revenue (as of March, 2014)

District 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 (Projected) 2014-15 (Projected) Descriptions
State           Funding provided by the state of California
COLA (Unfunded) $3,928,564 $4,882,350 $6,369,001     Cost of Living Adjustment (COLA): In good economic years, the state provides an increase in prior year funding so that districts can meet routine cost increases. In poor economic years, COLA is reduced or unfunded.
Deficit $5,009,690 $5,613,104 $5,254,269 $14,528,711 $10,833,820 Funding owed to the district by the state, but not paid.
Per Student Funding $41,172,959 $41,123,481 $41,146,951 $48,746,484 $52,896,154 Ongoing money allocated to the school district based upon the number of students and the amount of time each spends in school. The district receives the same amount of per pupil funding for students, whether they are attending the general education program or a magnet (e.g. GATE, Spanish Immersion, Montessori) program.
Charter School Per Student Funding $2,458,997 $2,753,378 $3,186,178 $3,877,359 $4,155,907 Ongoing money allocated to DaVinci Academy based upon the number of students and the amount of time each spends in school.
Categorical Funding $8,627,218 $8,353,262 $8,384,798 $3,793,057 $2,179,126 Ongoing money allocated to the district to provide special programs for students. The state has granted temporary flexibility to reallocate previously restricted funds for general operating expenses.
Charter School Categorical Funding $297,150 $323,924 $399,837 $271,599 $161,843 Ongoing money allocated to theDaVinci Charter School to provide special programs for students.
Special Education $4,545,535 $4,387,698 $4,401,489 $2,824,457 $2,866,824 Ongoing funds to provide services to students with special needs. These are state funds passed through to the Special Education Local Plan Area (SELPA) and on to the district.
Local           Funding coming from sources within Davis
Measure N           Local parcel tax approved by voters in November 1999 to supplement the programs and services that could be offered with state funding. This tax expired on June 30, 2008 and was replaced by Measure Q.
Measure Q $4,079,633 $4,032,477       Local parcel tax ($200/parcel) that replaced Measure N and supplements school funding from July 1, 2008 to June 30, 2012.
Measure W $2,353,875 $2,335,237       Local parcel tax ($120/parcel) intended to backfill state funding reductions from July 1, 2009 to June 30, 2012.
Measure A   $3,179,397 $3,193,240     Local parcel tax ($200/parcel) intended to backfill state funding reductions from July 1, 2011 to June 30, 2013.
Measure C     $6,350,910 $6,461,327 $6,461,327 Local parcel tax ($320/parcel) that replaced Measure Q & W and supplements school funding from July 1, 2012 to June 30, 2016.
Measure E       $3,085,500 $3,085,500 Local parcel tax renewal ($204/parcel) intended to backfill state funding reductions from July 1, 2013 to June 30, 2016.
Donations and Grants $2,994,094 $2,252,194 $2,355,811 $1,226,341 $1,226,341 One-time community contributions including a $1.5 million grant from the Davis Schools Foundation in 2008-09.
Other Local Revenue $5,195,084 $4,921,410 $4,846,020 $3,416,998 $3,356,998 Miscellaneous revenue from local sources
Charter School Donations and Grants $74,269 $67,717 $103,034 $32,500 $0 Donations and miscellaneous local funds for DaVinci Academy.
Federal           Funding provided by the United States government
Special Programs $2,679,093 $2,961,721 $2,887,161 $3,087,649 $2,843,384 Ongoing restricted money allocated to districts to provide specifed services for students including special education programs.
Federal Stimulus Funds $389,967 $1,536,470 $0 $0 $0 One-time.
Charter School Special Programs $62,500 $92,430 $0 $0 $0 One-time
Totals            
Total Funded Revenue $74,930,374 $78,320,796 $77,255,429 $76,823,271 $79,233,404  
General Fund $72,037,458 $75,083,347 $73,566,380 $72,641,813 $74,915,654  
Charter School Fund $2,892,916 $3,237,449 $3,689,049 $4,317,750 $4,181,458 $4,317,750
Breakdowns            
Number of Students 8,193 8,285 8,290 8,343 8,228 (adjusted for average daily attendance)
Per Pupil Funding $9,146 $9,453 $9,320 $9,208 $9,630  

Unfunded State Obligations

  2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 (Projected) 2014-15 (Projected) Descriptions
State Revenue           Funding provided by the state of California.
COLA (Unfunded) $3,928,564 $4,882,350 $6,369,001     Cost of Living Adjustment (COLA): In good economic years, the state provides an increase in prior year funding so that districts can meet routine cost increases. In poor economic years, COLA is reduced or unfunded.
Deficit $5,009,690 $5,613,104 $5,254,269 $14,528,711 $10,833,820 Funding owed to the district by the state, but not paid.

How much money does the district spend?

General Fund Expenditures Other Plant Services General Administration w Instruction-Related Services Classroom Instruction
Move your mouse pointer over areas of the chart to see detailed descriptions of each item.

DJUSD expects to spend $74,502,314 for general operations in the 2013-14.

Projected DJUSD Expenditures for 2013-14 by Function (As of Mar 2014)

  $ Amount % of Total Fund Description
General Fund     This is the chief operating fund, accounting for the ordinary operations of the school district. All transactions except those required or permitted by law to be in another fund are accounted for in this fund.
Classroom Instruction $46,772,440 63% Teachers, para-educators, instructional supplies and services.
Instruction-related Services $8,292,898 11% Supervision of instruction/assessment, library services, teacher staff development, and summer school.
Pupil Services $5,677,080 8% Counseling and college planning; psychology and individual learning assessments; nurses for screening and health education; school climate; student behavior, attendance, suspensions and expulsions; complaints and investigations; safety and emergency preparedness; grief and crisis counseling.
General Administration $5,313,771 7% Education oversight, human resources, budget and payroll, student attendance reporting; legal services and elections; technology and community relations.
Plant Services $6,563,372 9% Utilities; custodial; landscape, irrigation, and field maintenance; campus safety and security; telecommunications.
Ancillary Services & Community $1,276,176 2% Miscellaneous services
Other Outgo $606,577 1% Miscellaneous services
Subtotal General Fund $74,502,314 90.0%  
Other Funds      
Charter Schools $3,814,000 4.6% DaVinci Charter Academy expenses
Adult Education $447,572 0.5% Adult education program expenses.
Child Development $302,639 0.4% Expenses for operating child development programs.
Cafeteria $1,571,541 1.9% Expenses for operating the food service program.
Deferred Maintenance $416,709 0.5% Expenses for major repair or replacement of plumbing, heating, air-conditioning, electrical, roofing, and floor systems; exterior and interior painting of school buildings.
Capital Facilities $1,070,667 1.3% Expensed funds from fees levied on developers or other agencies as a condition of approving a development.
Building Funds $550,735 0.7% Expensed funds from proceeds of the sale of bonds and may not be used for any purposes other than those for which the bonds were issued.
Self Insurance $13,000 0.0% Expenses for self-insurance activities such as , health and welfare, and deductible property loss.
Foundation Trust Fund $94,183 0.1% Expended funds for local donation funded student scholarships.
Total All Funds $82,783,360 100%  

Would you like to see the DJUSD Adopted Budget?

How do we pay for California Schools?

About 85% of the money for California schools comes from the state. The rest comes from the federal government and local sources.

Our state amount is based on the number of students in the district and how much time each student spends in school. It also depends on Proposition 98 and the Local Control Funding Formula.

What is the Local Control Funding Formula?

California school finance changed dramatically with the passage of the state budget in July 2013. Beginning with the 2013-14 school year, school districts and charter schools receive funding under the Local Control Funding Formula (LCFF) with two goals: to improve outcomes for students and to allow more decisions to be made locally about how dollars are spent to achieve better results.

Each district now receives a “base grant” for every student. The majority of California’s education dollars will fund base grants.


Source: EdSource.org

Base grants are higher for K-3 elementary students and high school students, recognizing that these grades benefit from additional resources such as lower class size or laboratory equipment and other facilities needs for a strong core program.


Source: EdSource.org

In addition to base grants, districts receive a “supplemental grant” of 20% of the base for every high needs student. These include students who come from low-income families, those learning English and those living in foster care. Districts with more than 55% high needs students will also receive a “concentration grant” for the number of students over that threshold.

27% of students in the Davis Joint Unified School District qualify as high needs. The district will receive a supplemental grant based upon this percentage, but does not qualify for a concentration grant.

Davis received $6,333 for each student in 2013-14. That amount is expected to grow to $9,463 in 2020-21 when the state plans to fully implement the Local Control Funding Formula.

Would you like to see how our district funding compares to other districts? (EdSource)

Under the LCFF, districts prepare a Local Control and Accountability Plan that describes how education dollars are spent to address state priorities:

  • Conditions of learning, including access to core services, implementation of state standards and course access.
  • Pupil outcomes, including, student achievement and other student outcomes.
  • Engagement, including parent involvement, student engagement and school climate.


Source: EdSource.org

The district prepares its first Local Control and Accountability Plan this year and engages stakeholders in its creation. A public hearing is held in June prior to final approval of the plan. The district then submits the plan to the Yolo County Office of Education for review.

Would you like to see the Local Control and Accountability Plan template? (Cal Dept of Ed, .doc)

Would you like to see a timeline for implementing the Plan? (EdSource graphic)

Would you like to learn more about the district’s Local Control and Accountability Plan? (DJUSD)

What is Proposition 98?

California voters passed Proposition 98 in 1988 and again in 1990 to guarantee a minimum level of funding for K-14 public education. This level depends on the state’s economy. When the economy does well, schools get more money. In poor economic years, schools get less.

Would you like to learn more about Proposition 98? (Legislative Analyst's Office, Video)

How have recent state budgets affected Davis public schools?

Recent state budget decisions have caused the state to:

  • Reduce the amount of money they send to schools. Since 2007-08 K-12 school districts have 17% less to spend to educate students. With the passage of Proposition 30 in 2012, the state began to restore funding to schools in 2013-14. Districts receive these dollars under the new Local Control Funding Formula.
  • Defer state funding. During the budget crisis, districts received funding a year late from the state. These deferred payments grew to nearly $10 billion statewide, but are now being paid back and will be fully eliminated in 2014-15.

What is Proposition 30

Proposition 30 was placed on the November 6, 2012 ballot by Governor Jerry Brown. It’s purpose was to prevent more reductions to state funding for education.

As approved by the majority of California voters, the measure:

  • Increased the sales tax rate by one-quarter cent for every dollar for four years
  • Increased personal income tax rates on upper-income taxpayers for seven years
  • Will raise about $6 billion in additional annual state revenues from 2012–13 through 2016–17, with smaller amounts in 2011–12, 2017–18, and 2018–19.

These additional revenues are available to help balance state budget only through 2018–19.

Would you like to learn more about Proposition 30? (BallotPedia article)

Would you like to learn more about California school finance?

Would you like to see a brief history of school finance reform in California? (EdSource, 2014)

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Davis Joint Unified School District
Winfred Roberson · Superintendent
526 B Street · Davis, CA 95616 · 530-757-5300 · www.djusd.net
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Thanks to Adam Bridge for the photographs of Davis school artwork.

Thank you to the Davis Community Network for their support of this project, and the Stuart Foundation for their supporting grant.

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